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|Other Name:||Fixed Resistor||Technology:||Carbon Film|
|Resistance:||0.1 -22M||Resistance Value:||Fixed|
|Temperature Coefficient:||±350ppm/℃||Operation Temperature:||-55℃~+70℃|
Axial Through Hole Carbon Film Resistor Coated With Flame Retardant
The carbon film resistor is a type of fixed resistor that uses carbon film to restrict the electric current to certain level. These types of resistors are widely used in the electronic circuits.
The carbon film resistor is made by placing the carbon film or carbon layer on a ceramic substrate. The carbon film acts as the resistive material to the electric current. Hence, the carbon film blocks some amount of electric current. The ceramic substrate acts as the insulating material to the heat or electricity. Hence, the ceramic substrate does not allow heat through them. Therefore, these resistors can withstand at higher temperatures without any damage.
Carbon film resistors are a significant improvement on carbon composition. However, in comparison to metal film and metal oxide film, the commercially available range steadily decreases. Metal and oxide film are not more expensive to produce, and have overall better properties.
Carbon film resistors are made with a deposition process. At high temperature and under a high pressure, a ceramic carrier is held in hydrocarbon gas. The gas (methane or benzene) is cracked at a temperature of 1000℃. The crystalline carbon is pyrolytically deposited on the ceramic substrate. Because of the precise distribution of the pure graphite without binding, these carbon resistors have a low noise. The desired resistance value can be obtained by choosing the right layer thickness, and by cutting a spiral shape in the carbon layer. The helical cut in the film increases the length of the current path. By decreasing the pitch of the helix, the length of the resistive path increases, and therewith the resistance value increases. Furthermore, by fine tuning the cutting of the spiral the resistor can have a higher accuracy of resistance value. Typical tolerance values for carbon film resistors are 2, 5, 10 and 20%.
Typical use for carbon film resistors is in high voltage and temperature applications. Operating temperatures are up to 15kV with a nominal temperature of 350℃. Examples are high voltage power supplies, radar, x-rays and laser.
|Items||Capability demand||Test method|
|Max. Intermittence Overload Voltage||△R≤±(1%R+0.05Ω)||4.13|
|Dielectric Withstanding Voltage||no strike out or splash||4.7|
|Items||Dimensions (mm)||Power rating at 70℃||Temp. Coefficient||Utmost voltage||Dielectric Withstanding Voltage||Value Range|